Human Development Initiatives (HDI) received support from the MacArthur Foundation to monitor the utilization of Universal Basic Education projects in collaboration with other grantees of the Foundation. The Project focuses mainly on Transparency and Accountability in the utilization of Universal Basic Education funds (UBEF), particularly in Lagos State.
Former President Olusegun Obasanjo launched the Universal Basic Education (UBE) Programme, which is a nine (9) year basic education programme, on 29th September 1999 in Sokoto State Nigeria. The program is expected to among other things: eradicate illiteracy, ignorance and poverty as well as accelerate national development, while strengthening national integration. The UBE Act was signed into law in May 2004, to serve as legal back up for the program. Funded mainly from 2% of the Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF) of the Federal Government of Nigeria, the Universal Basic Education funds are contributed jointly by the Universal Basic Education Commission, Abuja, ad all States of the Federation through a Matching Grant-Counterpart funding arrangement.
The bulk of UBE funds is directly managed by States through their States Universal Basic Education Boards (SUBEBs). The funds cover such projects as Construction (of new projects), rehabilitation (of old structures), fencing and furniture (for both teachers and pupils). As at July 2017, the UBEC has disbursed about #285,017,378,508.89 to 36 states of the Federation and the FCT.
This project is targeted at ensuring that education goods and services get delivered to schools. The project will engage both government (Supply) and other Non-State actors (demand) side using the famous sandwich strategy of “pushing from below and squeezing from the top.” Stakeholders involved in this project include but are not limited to Government (UBEC, LSUBEB, the 20 LGEAs in Lagos and the Federal and Lagos State Ministries of education), School Based Management Committees (SBMCs), Parents’ Forum (PF), Community Based Organisations, Community Development Associations (CDAs), traditional and religious leaders.
HDI’s focal Local Government Education Authorites in the State include the nine (9) below listed: Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Ibeju-Lekki, Mushin, Ojo, Shomolu and Surulere.
This project is intended to run for three years and involves the use of such strategies as: advocacies, sensitization, town-hall meetings, seminars/workshops and on-site monitoring and reporting, which reports wold be looped back to UBEC and SUBEB who are direct prosecutors of the UBE funds.
Human Development Initiatives (HDI) is not-for-profit Non-Governmental Organization committed towards ensuring a society devoid of social and economic vulnerability especially for children, women and persons with disabilities. HDI is partnering with ActionAid International under the Grant QZA-0519 QZA-17/0136: Tax Justice & Gender Response Public Services and Breaking the Barriers Project. The aim of the Project is to support targeted efforts to increase the SIZE of both national and states’ budgets through fair tax, increase the SHARE of funds allocated to and spent on free, quality and inclusive education, open up education budget, policies and system for public SCRUTINY, and ensure that the budget, systems and policies are SENSITIVE to the rights and needs of girls and marginalized children. The Project plans to achieve all these through advocacy, capacity building, public awareness, sensitization and engagement.
In Nigeria, the project is being implemented in 2 states (Lagos and Sokoto) and reaching a total of 15 schools (of which 3 primary schools and 12 secondary schools) directly, aiming to ensure that 300 boys and 5,250 girls benefit from project initiatives in each of the States including training, capacity building, exposure visits, campaigning, advocacy and media engagement. In Lagos States, the Project working in 3 LGAs/LGEAs – Alimosho, Epe and Badagry LGAs/ District 1, District 3 and District 5 respectively.
About the Project The USAID Strengthening Advocacy and Civic Engagement Project in collaboration with Human Development Initiatives (HDI) alongside other cluster members (CSOs), namely:
Grassroot Health Organization of Nigeria (GHON),
Youth Child Support Initiative (YCSI),
Patriotic Citizen Initiatives (PCI),
The WellBeing Foundation Africa (WBFA), Development Measures (DM)
Out-of-School Children Empowerment Foundation (OSCEF)
have initiated a project in the area of Local Governance and Education to enhance quality, effective and accessible primary and junior secondary education at the Local Government level in Nigeria. This is in recognition of the fact that Child Rights Act (CRA) 2003 and Universal Basic Education Act (UBE) 2004 make education from primary to junior secondary school a right. The main objective of the UBE is to enhance quality of education in Nigeria. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of basic education remains worrisome.
This is attributed to weak governance structure, corruption, inadequate facilities in form of physical structures, instructional materials, quality teachers, unwillingness and inability of the local governments to oversight primary education, weak CSOs engagement on educational related issues, lack of adherence to key universal Principle of Local Governance/Government amongst other factors. The project is aimed at interrogating issues surrounding funding and application of fund for basic education, provision of basic infrastructure in primary and junior secondary schools viz. desk, chairs, books, learning aids, libraries and other areas of intervention on behalf of the selected schools to ensure improved service delivery, and also support selected communities to demand accountability and governance surrounding basic education.
The project locations are as follows: North-West- Kano state (Gwale LGA and Garun Mallam LGA) South-East – Enugu state (Enugu North LGA and Nkanu West LGA) South-West – Lagos state (Lagos Mainland LGA and Ibeju Lekki LGA) Federal Capital Territory (FCT, Abuja) (Gwagwalada Area Council and Abuja Municipal Council) It is expected that the project will improve educational development at the grassroots level particularly in terms of quality, effective and accessible primary and junior secondary education, and also increased CSOs and community networks capacity to engage and demand good local governance from state actors at the local government levels.